The USA - United States of America

Kategorie: Geografia (celkem: 1046 referátů a seminárek)

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  • Přidal/a: anonymous
  • Datum přidání: 01. července 2007
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The USA - United States of America

The USA - ''Melting spot''
The USA - United States of America is situated in North part of America berwwen Canada from north and Mexico from South. By water it's surrounded by Atlantic and Pacific ocean. Its size is like Europe's. It has 243 millions citizens. It has beautiful scenery with a lot of mountains and rivers. There is also the oldest national park - Yellowstone, which is very famous for tourists. And also Mississippi is famous for its name. The Niagara falls are divided between USA and Canada. It's border for these two countries. It consist of 3 lakes. Florida, Hawaii and other island and reggions close to the sea or ocean is famouse for its beaches.
The North-East part of USA consists of the cities with highest population. Cities like New York, Boston, Philadelphia are situated here.
The North part of USA is famous for coal and iron mining. States as Dakota, Minnesotta, Wisconsin etc. are here.
The Middle part of USA is famous for its tornados. There are damageful, but they are llocated. Its also famous for a soap-opera, which was situated here - Dallas.
The South part of USA is famous for its Florida. There are a lot of fine beaches. For example Miami beach is very popular and a lot of serials were filmed here.
The South-West part of USA is famous for its cities. There is a big desert and in the midle of it there grew up a rich city called Las Vegas, popular for its casinos. It's home for more cars than people.
In West part of USA there are Rocky mountains famous for its mouintains of course. There is a city called Loas Angeles. It's named after Spanish word "Los Angelos", which means "the city of angels." It's subborn called Hollywood is famous for its move industry, which was highly developed in 60's. A lot of great actors filmed here. Another subburn Beverly Hills is home for more and more actors and pop-stars. And also for its serial "Beverly Hills 902 10."

The history of USA is not long, but it has developed a lot. Probalby the first exploraters from Europe, which founded America were Normand (leaded by the Viking Ericsson in 1000 A.D.) The second explorater was Christopher Columbus, who founded America in 1492 A.D. The another great explorer came here few years later. Amerigo Vespuci sailed around the whole America continent and because of his name the continent America is called America. ;) Then some settlers came here and made the ground liveable.

Then som colonies were formed and in 1776 the Declaration of Indipendence was signed. The leader George Washington became the first President of USA. It was therefore, because American collonies wanted to lessen the depending from Great Britain. Then there was a war and Great Britain lose. There was also the Boston tea party, where Americans worn as indians threw the boxes of tea in water -> Britain got higher taxes on it. Then another war started. The war between North and South. North was leaded by Abraham Lincoln and it was industried. South was leaded by Jefferson Davis and it was agricultural. The war ended in 1863. The slavery was abolished. Abraham Licoln became a president. Then where was an economy cirse in 1930s by Wall street. USA were really happy, when WWI and WWII vecame because it was not on its ground and they could sell guns and meal to Europe's countries. But they have to be active when Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour. They are famous for its attack in Normandy. The pressident J. F. Kennedy was assassinated in tour in Dallas in 1968. He wanted to without the Russian missiles from Cuba. And his space program was succesful, too. USA had the first man on the Moon. M. L. King wanted to equal in rase. There was also a Watergate scandal and president Nixon resigned to his function. Now USA is higly populated, highly industrialized and they say that they are democratic. A great disaster happened two years ago, when "Twins" were destructed by terrorist attack. Now USA are against the whole world in the way of solving tghe problem with Iraq.
Political stystem is unlike us. There are two main parties - Democrats and Republicans. Democrats support "poor people" and Republicans are for "rich people". The system is divided in 3 branches -> justicial, executive and legislative. The head of executive branch is President (elected every 4 years), who is the strongest man in the world. He can destroy any country from his office room. The House of Parliament is divided into to parts - House of Representatives and House of Senate. Senate has 100 members from each state of USA and the HOuse of Representatives has 486 members. The Supreme court is the main court in USA. Some cities:
New York - (Manhattan, Brooklyn, Harlem, Bronx, Queens)Big Apple - it's called for a lots of origins living there. Population in work week increases for 12 000 000. There are a lot of "ghettos" - Chinese, black - Nigga etc.
Washington D.C. ('D'istrict of 'C'olumbia) called after 1st president.

the capital city, White house, a lot of statues.
Detroit - famous for its industry (cars, etc.).

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