Olympic Games in general (some of the games...)

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  • Přidal/a: anonymous
  • Datum přidání: 12. března 2007
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Olympic Games in general (some of the games...)


In our project, we write about Olympic Games, we inroduce you some summer and some winter sports. We write about the history of Olympic Games. In our project you can see some pictures from famous sportsmen. There is also a Hall of Fame, where you can see some Legends, they were the best at the Olympic Games.
We think about the idea of Olympic Games and also about the commercialism of the modern Olympic Games. Basketball

Basketball is a fast game played indoors, by two teams of five players each.The primary objective of the game is to score more points, than the other team.They put a round ball through a circular band, called a nim.Two nims are at each end of the court placed 3.1m above the ground.The nims are on the backboards, which are made of glass.
The first olympic tournament was in Berlin in 1936.The United States team won the olympic gold medals that year. In 1992 professional players were first allowed to play in the olympic team, which is known as a DREAM TEAM, which is made up of
NBA´s best players.I play basketball too and it´s great game and it is also very fast.There are many rules, but there are not so difficult.Boris think that the best player was Michael Jordan, who was six times NBA champion and I think it is true.


It is a popular team sport played indoors,where each team has six players, while in beach volleyball, which is played outdoors on sand, teams consist of two players each.
The game was invented in 1895 by American William G. Morgan.His game,which he called Mintonette, became popular not only in the United States, but also in the world.
There are 210 national teams in the International Volleyball Federation.
In 1922 was the first national volleyball championship
in the United States.Volleyball became as an olympic sport in 1964 in Tokyo and the beach volleyball in 1996, in Atlanta.The most famous national teams are:Cuba,China,Russia,Holland and Italy.


Soccer is a game played by two teams on a rectangular field with the ball.The players controll the ball by using their feet.Only golkeapers are allowed to handle the ball.
Soccer is the world´s most popular sport played by men and women of all ages with milions of fans. The first modern game of soccer began in 19-th century in England. Now the most famous tournament is World Cup.The first World Cup
winner was Uruguay.The last winner was France in 1998.

This tournament is only for the national teams, but there are also many cups and tournaments
for clubs.For example:UEFA cup or Cup winners Cup.
One of the world cup legends is Pelé.He was a very good soccer player.He began his proffesional soccer career in 1956 playing for Santos a brazilian club.Than, when he was 17, he won for first time World Cup Trophy.In these days
the best players are: Beckham, Bierhoff, Zidanne, Ronaldo.


Badminton is indoor, but it could be also outdoor game, which is played by two or by four players.
They need a net, lightweight rackets and a shuttlecock.Players hit the shuttlecock over the net with rackets.A point can be only by the serving side.If the serving side fails it loses the serve.A game is played to 15 points, but in women singles only to 11 points.
At the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona badminton was contested as an official olympic sport.


Archery has been popular as an amatour sport in England.The oldest archery tournament was in 1673.
In the early 1900s archery became an olympic sport for men and women at the 1972 Munich Olympic Games.Archery was modernized in 1992.After this year olympic round consists of an ranking round, an elimination round and a team finals round.The individuals event includes 64 archers.
All shooting at the same time at targets 70m away.Archers with the highest scores compete for medals.
Field shooting simulates hunting game, with small targets situated in the natur.

Hall of Fame

As soon as the Games became world famous, the number of memorable winners began to rise.For example Jim Thorfl, an American Indian won both decathlon in Stockholm in 1912.He was one of the greatest athletes in the first half of the 20-th century.At the Olympics in 1948, Bob Mathias, who was only 17, won the decathlon.He was the only one, who repeated it second time at Helsinki Games in 1952.There appeared one more great sportsman.Emil Zátopek from Czechoslovakia.He became and still is the only man, who won 5000m, 10 000 race and marathon in a single Olympics.
In 1976 Nadja Comaneci, marvelous 14 year old gymnast from Romania, won 3 gold medals and recorded 7 perfect scores during the competition.
The Winter Games were also witnesses of many magnificent performances.
The Austrian Toni Sailer won all 3 gold medals in men´s Alpine skiing in 1956 in Cortina da´Ampesso in Italy.
Sonja Henie from Norway, who is still one of the greatest skaters, won 3 gold medals.She was the first skater, who changed her athletic success into a lucrative career in entertaiment.
In 1980 the U. S. hockey team snatched the gold medal from favoured Soviets and also Eric Heiden won all 5 gold medals in men´s speed skating.


It is a winter sport, which is famous for about 5000 years. The sport did not become popular form of recreation until the 20-th century.Now milions of people
enjoy skiing for its sense of freedom. There are two types of skiing: Alpine, or Downhill and Nordic or Cross-Country. There are four events in Alpine ski racing:slalom ( sometimes called special slalom ), giant slalom (GS), super giant slalom (super G) and downhill. The different events require different
techniques and different equipment. It is very hard sport for body. The professionals have problems with their knees. The most famous skiers were:Alberto
Tomba who was very good at slalom, Luc Alphand, or Giradelli, who was for five times World Cup winner. Bobsledding

It is a winter sport, which first became popular in the 19-th century in saint Moritz.In bobsledding teams of two, or four compete for gold, silver and bronz medal.
The most critical part of a bobsled run is the start.Team members sprint, while pushing the sled forward, for about 75 m.The captain, or driver of a bobsled team occupies the front position and steers the sled and the brakeman in the rear position operates the brake.
The first organized bobsled competition was in Saint Moritz in 1848.
Bobsled national teams competed in the first Winter Olympics in 1924. Ice hockey

It is a fast winter sport, in which two teams of skaters use long sticks, to drive a rubber disk into a goal. Ice hockey is played in about 30 countries.It is especially popular in Canada, where the modern game developed and, where is the
most famous league (NHL).

Ice hockey is played on natural ice, on an oval rink.
Each player carries a stick, usually made of wood.Players wear helmets, protection pads under their clothing and gloves on their hands.An ice hockey game is devided into three 20-minute periods.In 1920 ice hockey was added to the Olympic games.Since then Olympic hockey has become one of the most popular events at the Winter Olympics.One of the most famous players were: Maurice Richard, Bobby Hull, Wayne Gretzky.

Figure skating

It is an indoor sport.This sport is very popular in many countries especially in Russia, where are the best skaters.
The major types of figure skating are individual men´s and women´s competitons, pairs skating, ice dancing and precision skating.
In individual competitions a single skater performs many maneuvers.
Pair skating consists of two skaters performing together.
Precision skating consists of a team of skaters, who perform choreographed maneuvers.
The most famous skaters were- Sonja Henje, or Dick Button, who was five- times World champion and two times Olympic gold medalist.

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