William Shakespeare biography

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  • Datum přidání: 01. července 2007
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William Shakespeare biography

He was probably the greatest dramatist of the world. He lived and work at the 16th
century in the period of renaissance. In England also called The Elizabethan period. The renaissance Humanists played a great roal in the development of mankind when they acknowledged man as the centre of Universe. The Elizabethan period fluorished with translates from many languages. Many literary genres developed: poetry and above all Brilliant Drama. Also the English language developed in this period.

The life:
William Shakespeare was born probably on 23.4.1564 in a small town of central England called Stratford- upon- Avon. He was one of eight children of a successful tradesman John Shakespeare. Because his father was rich William could get a good education. He attended the local Grammar School in Stratford when he studied Latin, Greek and phylosophy. He left school and his native town very soon- at the aged of 16. He went to London where he spent most of his adventurous life. He became a member of a theatrical company. Starting his career as an actor. Later he became the director of the well- known theatre in London the Globe. He used his experiences as an actor by writting his dramas.
Six years before his death he returned back to his native town to spent to rest of his life. He died in 1616 and he is burried in local church in Stratford. Literary work:
Shakespeare was a poet and a dramatist. He started by writting love sonnets and later dramatical works. His dramas are written in werses.

He wrote together thirty- seven dramas which can be divided into:

Comedies:
The Midsummer Night˘s Dream
The Merry Wives of Windsor
The Taming of the Shrew
The Twelfth Night
Much Ado about Nothing
As you like it
Measure for Measure
The Comedy of Errors

Tragedies:
The tragedies of great human passious.
Romeo and Juliet or The Tregedy of Immortal Love
Hamlet or The Tragedy of Irresolution
Othello or The Tragedy of Jealousy
Macbeth or The Tragedy of Satisfaction
King Lear or The Tragedy of Ingratitude

Historical Plays:
- from English history:King Joan
Richard II.
Richard III.
Henry VI.
Henry VIII.
- from Greek and Roman history: Julius Ceasar&Coriolanus
Anthony&Cleopatra
Troilus and Cressida.

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