Antivírové prostriedky a mechanizmy prevencie a liečby vírusov

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Antivírové prostriedky a mechanizmy prevencie a liečby vírusov

Scanner: Scanner zisťuje prítomnosť víru v pamäti, alebo na disku pomocou vírových identifikačných reťazcov. Vírový identifikačný reťazec je jednoznačne definovaná postupnosť bytov reprezentujúcich daný vírus. Na zvýšenie účinnosti sa používa viac reťazcov na jeden vírus naraz (F-PROT používa dva), prípadne kombinácia nájdenia reťazca s jusov je chúlostivé hlavne preto, že môže dôjsť k poškodeniu súboru. Toto riziko sa zvyšuje u mutácií vírusov, t.j. vírusov, ktoré boli odvodené z niektorého zo známych vírusov. V prípade nesprávnej identifikácie vírusu nebude tento dôkladne odstránený a môže sa poškodiť funkčnosť pôvodného programu. Čiastočné riešenie prináša tzv. univerzálny clean (prvýkrát u systému AVAST!), ktorý si uchováva pôvodný dátum, dĺžku, atribúty, čas súboru a hlavičku EXE súboru, resp. úvodné inštrukcie u COM súboru. Rezidentný štít: Rezidentný štít je program, ktorý beží v reálnom čase. Najčastejšie je to program typu scanner, ktorý prevádza antivírovú kontrolu práve spracovávaných dát. Môže tak zakázať skopírovanie zavírených súborov z diskety na pevný disk, či zakázať spustenie infikovaného programu a pod. Monitor diskových zmien: Monitor sa zameriava na sledovanie zmien stavu v počítači, najmä spustiteľných súborov. Uchováva databázu popisov základných vlastností súborov, najmä dĺžku, dátum a čas poslednej aktualizácie a hlavne kontrolný súčet (CRC). Slabinou je prípad vírusov zameraných na zmazanie kontrolnej databáze. .

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