Anglická renesančná literatúra (William Shakespeare)

Kategorie: Literatúra (celkem: 528 referátů a seminárek)



Anglická renesančná literatúra (William Shakespeare)

William Shakespeare (1564 - 1616)
- narodil sa v mestečku Stradford v bohatej meštiackej rodine
- najvýznamnejší dramatik vš. čias
- autor 37 hier, kt. sú hrávané dodnes
- komédie, tragédie, hist. hry

komédie:
Skrotenie zlej ženy
- Hl. hrdina Petruchio skrotí svoju krásnu, ale jedovatú manželku Katarínu tým, že na jej výbuchy hnevu a zlosti odpovedá miernosťou a láskou. Katarína sa nad tým zamyslí, uvedomí si, aká je zlá a stáva sa z nej dobrá manželka.

Mnoho kriku pre nič
Sen noci svätojánskej
Veselé panie z Windsoru

tragédie:
Rómeo a Júlia
- Príbeh 2 mladých milencov odohrávajúci sa v meste Verona. Ich láske však bráni znepriatelenosť ich rodov (Rómeo Montek, Júlia Kapuletová), kt. ich nakoniec doženie do tragického konca, keď obaja zomierajú. Až smrť udobrí oba rody.

Hamlet
- sociálno-psychologická dráma mladého človeka čeliaceho svetskej nespravodlivosti
- Hamlet, syn dánskeho kráľa, sa rozhodne pomstiť smrť svojho otca, no pri tejto pomste zároveň zomierajú vďaka skazenosti a intrigám aj ľudia nevinní, ľudia, kt. Hamlet miloval (matka a jeho milá Ofélia)
- Hamlet - typický renesančný hrdina, kt. verí v čisté medziľudské vzťahy a búri sa proti nespravodlivosti

Othello
- podlosť a intrigy víťazia nad čistým ľudským citom
- Žiarlivý Othello, čierny vojvodca benátskeho vojska, podľahne intrigám karieristu Jaga a zavraždí svoju nevinnú bielu manželku Desdemonu. Po zistení pravdy spácha samovraždu.

Macbeth
- tragédia čerpajúca zo škótskeho prostredia
- víťazí pravda nad ľudskou podlosťou
- Ctižiadostivý vojvodca Macbeth zavraždí s pomocou lady Macbeth svojho hosťa - škótskeho kráľa Duncana. Zmocní sa trónu a stáva sa krutým tyranom a vrahom. Neskôr je nešťastný, pretože lady Macbeth sa pomiatne a zomiera. Presvedčí sa o nezmyselnosti svojho konania, no je neskoro. Synovia zavraždených sa mu pomstia smrťou. Spravodlivým panovníkom sa stáva syn zavraždeného kráľa Duncana.

Kráľ Lear
- veršovaná tragédia
- jedno z vrcholných diel renesančnej literatúry
- Starý kráľ chce rozdeliť ríšu svojim 3 dcéram. Na najmladšiu kvôli jej úprimnosti zanevrie a vydá ju za franc. kráľa. On žije u svojich starších dcér. Tie ho však vyženú. Nenávidia sa, Goneril otrávi Regan a sama spácha samovraždu. Najmladšia dcéra prichádza s franc. vojskom na pomoc chudobnému otcovi. Po vylodení v Anglicku padne do zajatia a je zavraždená.

Samoľúby kráľ vidí, že sa vo svojich dcérach zmýlil a pri pohľade na mŕtvu Kordéliu u pukne srdce. historické hry
- napr. Henrich VI. a Richard III. - preniknuté sú vlasteneckým pátosom.

Romeo a Julie
Tereza Mandzáková, | 21. února 2008
Už s chmurným mírem vzchází chmurný den a samo slunce težkou hlavu skrývá. Jen zprostit toho kdo je nevinen a trestat provinilé ješte zbývá. Však večne bude srdce jímat znova žal Juliin a bolest Romeova.
Romeo a Julie
Tereza Mandzáková, | 21. února 2008
Dva rody stejne starobylé oba, jsme v krásné Verone, svuj dávný hnev zas ženou na nuž a zas občanova v občanských rebeliích teče krev. Dva milující pod nešťastnou hvezdou z tech rodu narozeni rodičum smír vykupují krížovou svou cestou. Svou smrtí usmirují s domem dum. A jestli se vám príbeh nezalíbí, svou snahou nahradíme, co mu chybí.
wq, | 11. srpna 2015
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