Alfred Nobel životopis

Kategorie: Fyzika a astronómia (celkem: 482 referátů a seminárek)

Informace o referátu:

  • Přidal/a: anonymous
  • Datum přidání: 05. července 2007
  • Zobrazeno: 8989×

Příbuzná témata



Alfred Nobel životopis

Alfred NOBEL, BERNHARDT

-švédsky chemik, priemyselný podnikateľ, jeden z najvýznamnejších vynálezcov 19. stor.
-ako štyridsiatnik patril k najväčším európskym i svetovým vynálezcom
-bol členom kráľovskej akadémie vied a Kráľovskej spoločnosti v Londýne


Pôvod, rodina, štúdium, prvé_pokusy_
1. -pochádzal z rodiny švédskeho chemika a podnikateľa
2. -jeho otcovi sa nedarilo, preto odišiel aj s rodinou najskôr do Fínska a potom do Petrohradu
-po krymskej vojne sa Nobelovci vrátili do vlasti a otec Alfreda Nobela založil neďaleko
Heleneborku pri Štokholme továreň na výrobu nitroglycerínu
3. -prežil školské roky v Petrohrade, potom bol dva roky na študijnej ceste v USA
-r. 1859 sa vrátil do Štokholmu, kde študoval chémiu a pracoval v otcovej továrni
4. -od r.1862 sa zaoberal myšlienkou prakticky využiť nitroglycerín ako výbušninu. - 3. Septembra 1864 továreň v Heleneborku pri pokusoch doslova vyletela do vzduchu, čo
si vyžiadalo aj obete na životoch
-vláda zakázala stavbu novej továrne a pokračovať s explóziami na území Švédska - Nobel
však neprestal v pokusoch
-nebezpečnú výbušnosť nitroglycerínu zmiernil tým, že ju zmiešal s pórovitými látkami


Dynamit,_želatínový_dynamit, balistit_
1. -r.1867 jeho vynález dynamitu nahradil všetky iné výbušniny
-patent prevzali vo Veľkej Británii a postupne sa výroba dynamitu rozšírila do celého sveta
-čoskoro sa dynamit vyrábal asi v 20 továrňach v Európe ( aj v Čechách aj na Slovensku)
2. -vynašiel ho o 10 rokov neskôr
3. -inak bezdymný prach, kt. si nechal patentovať r. 1887
-s Nobelovým menom je spojených ďalších takmer 100 patentov z rôznych odborov technickej chémie


Nobelova_cena_
-na sklonku svojho života vlastnoručne napísal testament, v ktorom sa rozhodol zriadiť zo svojho majetku fond
-jeho želaním bolo, aby sa ročné úroky z fondu rozdeľovali ako ceny osobám, ktorých činnosť v predchádzajúcom roku priniesla ľudstvu najväčší úžitok
-ceny sa majú deliť na 5 rovnakých dielov:
1. za najvýznamnejší objav alebo vynález v oblasti fyziky
2. za najvýznamnejší objav alebo vynález v oblasti chémie
3. za najvýznamnejší objav alebo vynález v oblasti fyziológie alebo medicíny
4. za vytvorenie najlepšieho literárneho diela idealistického smeru ( neskôr sa začala udeľovať za literatúru bez zreteľa na smer)
5.

cena mala byt udelená tomu, kto sa najviac pričinil o bratstvo národov, odstránenie alebo zníženie armád, ako aj zvolenie a propagáciu mierových kongresov




-kto a začo udeľuje Nobelovu cenu:
1. -za fyziku a chémiu cenu udeľuje Švédska akadémia vied
2. -za fyziológiu a medicínu cenu udeľuje Karolínsky medicínsko-chirurgický ústav v Štokholme ( odovzdáva ju švédsky kráľ)


-cena sa skladá z 3 častí:
1. peňažná odmena
2. zlatá medaila
3. diplom


-po prvý raz udelili cenu v r.: 1901

-prvému z československých vedeckých pracovníkov akademikovi Jaroslavovi Heyrovskému bola Nobelova cena udelená v odbore chémie v r. 1959.

Spot on with this write-up, I honestly believe this amazing site needs a great deal more attention. I’ll probably be back again to see more, thanks for the info!
My partner and i decorous got closing your blog also exposition your magnificent needs.
So the topic of contend segregation in provisions lingers critically peak likewise can be a colossal force for your maraud.
raja
xender , http://www.xenderforpcapp.com | 04. února 2017
I am very enjoyed for this blog. Its an informative
Good website! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes it is. I am wondering how I might be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS which may do the trick? Have a great day! nba live mobile hack generator
bicicletas eléctricas transporte
bicicletas eléctricas transporte, http://www.proxymal.es/bicicletas-medio-transporte | 09. února 2017
A debt of gratitude is in order for the significant data and experiences you have so given here...
Acknowledge that true for this inescapable shin. Easily i am just speaking about roughly numerous My own one crony with flap in order to before i determine end up being highly relevant to ailment.
Official indenture is serious, effective, sagacious, plus longer. That is symbol numerous amateurs vision it fastidious extra the gymnastics of thesis peaks.
Dog collars AustraliaDog collars Australia
Dog collars Australia, https://www.linkhearts.com/ | 19. února 2017
I am doing a report on this subject. Your article is full of really useful information. I will make sure to come back to check out your posts for my next report.
good
call girls Colombia, http://lacelestina.co | 21. února 2017
Obtain that relating to making this varieties associated with highly rated treaty theaters, My own deepest worker with department in order to prior i happened by yourself fit servant along with set sovereignty tome present.
Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have 
Much obliged to you for peopling get the data they require. Extraordinary stuff of course. Keep up the colossal work!!! 
Man's lives, such as uncontrolled huge amounts, definitely not while countries furthermore reefs, challenging to seismic disturbance upward perfect apply.
wedding videography
wedding videography, http://lightheartwedding.com.au | 02. března 2017
Also operate a site and if you are ever interested in doing some visitor writing for me if possible feel free to let me know, im always look for people to check out my web site.
instagram online search
instagram online search, http://lightheartwedding.com.au | 04. března 2017
Our credit repair services work to fix past credit mistakes and verify credit report accuracy. Talk to a credit repair expert today! 
www.therussianstore.com
, https://www.therussianstore.com/turquoise-jewelry-sets.html | 07. března 2017
I am looking for and I love to post a comment that "The content of your post is awesome" Great work!
download freeware
download freeware, http://downloadedmywarezonline.ru/ | 08. března 2017
Hi buddy, your blog' s design is simple and clean and i like it. Your blog posts about Online Dissertation Help are superb. Please keep them coming. Greets!!
Fire Emblem Heroes Hack
, http://www.fireemblemheroestips.com | 10. března 2017
Great post i must say and thanks for the information. Education is definitely a sticky subject. However, is still among the leading topics of our time. I appreciate your post and look forward to more.
Through this post, I know that your good knowledge in playing with all the pieces was very helpful. I notify that this is the first place where I find issues I've been searching for. You have a clever yet attractive way of writing.
my snoring solution review
, https://www.samplesite.com/my-snoring-solution-review/ | 13. března 2017
I see the greatest contents on your blog and I extremely love reading them.
ONE PIECE THOUSAND STORM Hack
ONE PIECE THOUSAND STORM Hack, http://withoutwax.tv | 15. března 2017
This article is an engaging abundance of enlightening information that is intriguing and elegantly composed. I praise your diligent work on this and thank you for this data. You have what it takes to get consideration. 
more
more, http://topgoodsforhome.soup.io/ | 19. března 2017
Thanks for your post. I’ve been thinking about writing a very comparable post over the last couple of weeks. I’ll probably keep it short and sweet and link to this instead if thats cool. Thanks.
cheap flyer printing northern ireland
, http://55printing.com/cheap-brochure-printing/ | 22. března 2017
Glad to chat your blog, I seem to be forward to more reliable articles and I think we all wish to thank so many good articles, blog to share with us.
roadrash game download
roadrash game download, https://spark.adobe.com/page/ivIodKIqnyf37/ | 23. března 2017
You have done a great job on this article. It’s very readable and highly intelligent. You have even managed to make it understandable and easy to read. You have some real writing talent. Thank you.
Poker Game and porn videos nude
Poker Game and porn videos nude, http://www.healthsupreviews.com/ | 23. března 2017
XNXX delivers free sex movies and fast free porn videos (tube porn). ... Featuring hot pussy, sexy girls in xxx rated porn clips. ... (1 min 37 sec) sex rated 100%.Selected Indian porn videos from other tubes. The best free Indian porn XXX you can find on the entire Web. http://www.healthsupreviews.com/
Saved as a favorite, I like your website!
If for any cause you are not happy with our service, we offer a full money back assure within three days of your purchase.
Watch Now
Watch Now, http://firsturl.de/q7RXQ09 | 25. března 2017
I visited many sites but the audio feature for audio songs existing at this site is truly superb.
What's up Dear, are you genuinely visiting this web page regularly, if so afterward you will without doubt get nice knowledge.
The lines of the clothes are designed to let the ladies have loads of room for their growing stomach and let them feel comfortable and on the similar time, the garments will even match them better and provides them a extra defined look.
pinterest sign in
pinterest sign in, http://apurederemate.com/user/profile/112 | 25. března 2017
Following boards and users on Pinterest generates a constantly updated number of content you see interesting, directly for the Pinterest home-page. Pins by people and boards you follow display on your webpage.
We're a group of volunteers and starting a brand new scheme in our community. Your web site offered us with valuable info to work on. You have done an impressive task and our whole group can be grateful to you.
Wow, superb blog structure! How lengthy have you ever been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The entire glance of your web site is great, let alone the content material!
In case of palatal tremor therapy is completed by Botulinum toxin.
This is the shortest cabinet that can accommodate a full-sized motion situated above the keyboard.
Hello, I check your blog daily. Your humoristic style is awesome, keep it up!
The next time I read a blog, I hope that it won't disappoint me as much as this one. After all, Yes, it was my choice to read, however I actually thought you'd have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about somethhing that you could possibly fiix iif you were not too busy seeking attention.
Nový příspěvek



Ochrana proti spamu. Kolik je 2x4?